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General Instructional Strategies

Based on Marzano's research-based instructional strategies. See Reference list.

The following are Marzano's research-based instructional strategies.  See Reference list.

Cooperative Grouping - Grouping can promote student learning and build interpersonal skills when done wisely and support structures are in place. (more)

Cues, Questions, and Advance Organizers - Increase students' readiness for learning with cues and questions that connect new ideas to existing knowledge.

Generating and Testing Hypotheses - Generating hypotheses and applying knowledge when testing requires careful orchestration of experience.  Technology tools add authenticity to the learning experience. (more)

Homework and Practice - Homework can increase student understanding when assignments provide the opportunities needed to practice and apply new learning. (more)

Identifying Similarities and Differences - Learning to classify and discern differences and similarities prepares students for employing metaphor, analogy, and higher-order thinking skills. (more)

Nonlinguistic Representation - We store knowledge in two forms:  linguistic and nonlinguistic.  The more students use both systems, the better they are able to think about and recall knowledge. (more)

Providing Feedback - Criteria for success and specific, timely feedback can help increase students' understanding and improve learning. (more)

Reinforcing Effort - Student attitudes and beliefs have a significant effect on success in school.  Achievement can increase when teachers show the connection between effort and success. (more)

Setting Objectives - Teachers communicate learning goals to students every day.  Focus students on meeting those goals and greatly improve their chances of success. (more)

Simulations and Games - Simulations offer unique opportunities to enhance learning and allow students to test knowledge, gain experience, and practice skills. (more)

Summarizing and Note Taking - Effective summarizing requires analysis that leads to deeper understanding.  Students benefit from taking notes in both linguistic and visual forms. (more)

Thematic Instruction - Students learn better from thematic, interdisciplinary instruction - themes are a way of understanding new concepts and provide mental organizing schemes. (more)